:( Oops. We determined that there are untranslated content. Can use the automatic translation.




Kitay-gorod is one of the oldest and the most interesting districts of Moscow. In times of old, this area was called Veliky Posad (the Great Settlement). It was a trade and business part of the pre-revolutionary city. It has remained as such until nowadays. Here, you will see traces of the medieval Moscow, you will also learn where the world’ s largest hotel was located, where the first seasonal sale took place as well as you will take a walk along the “ Street of Enlightenment”.

You can start your walking tour of Kitay-gorod while exiting the cognominal Metro Station. As you enter the pedestrian underpass getting off the escalator of the Metro Station, you’ ll find yourselves by the staircase leading up to Varvarka (St. Barbara). In the wall of the underpass you can see parts of the ancient rustication of the basement of the St. Barbara Tower.

The walls of Kitay-gorod date back to the 1530s, and are claimed to have been erected by an Italian architect called in a Russified manner Petrok Maly. The origin of the name “ Kitay-gorod” is still disputed by academicians and historians. While “ gorod” means in Russian “ a city” or a “ a town”, the word “ kita” is either claimed to be of the old-Russian descent meaning a bulk of wooden stakes used for the construction of the first fortress wall, or of Turkic origin standing for the “ wall”, or even originating from the Italian “ citadelle” with the meaning of “ fortification”.
The length of the Kitay-gorod wall with its 14 towers exceeded 2.5 kilometers. It started at the Corner Arsenalnaya (Arsenal) Tower and ended at the Beklemishevskaya (Beklemishev) Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. The wall was almost entirely leveled to the ground in the 1930 – 1950s. Go up to Varvarka Street and take a stroll along the streets and lanes of the former medieval fortress.


A comment to the object «Kitay-gorod»