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Vozdvizhenka Str.

Vozdvizhenka Street will become a pedestrian zone in 2013 — the street runs from Manezhnaya Street to Arbat Gate Square, parallel to Znamenka and Bolshaya Nikitskaya streets.

The street owes its name to the Exhalation of the Holy Cross Monastery, founded at the turn of the XVI century (which has not survived until present day). It developed in the end of the XV century on site of an ancient road connecting Moscow to Smolensk. In the XVI and XVII centuries Vozdvizhenka was populated by Moscow's elite; here lived the most prominent representatives of Moscow's nobility.

In the second half of the XVIII century the street's appearance changed dramatically: in place of the former nobility courts, the mansions of Moscow's aristocracy appeared. Two monuments survived this era until present day: the house of Count N. P. Sheremetev (No. 8), built in 1780 by N. A. Lvov, and the former home of Lieutenant General P. F. Talyzin (No. 5), which, today houses the A. V. Shchusev State Museum of Architecture erected by architect M. F. Kazakov in 1787 — the first specialized museum of architecture in Europe, and one of the world's largest research centers for the study and promotion of architectural and urban heritage. The museum is definitely worth a visit, as it houses more than 1 million different items and includes architectural designs, drawings, sketches, models, and scaling of architectural structures.

In the second half of the XIX century the majority of houses on Vozdvizhenka came into the possession of trades people and government agencies. The street was paved in cobblestone, and from 1869 was lined with gas lamps. In house no. 6, which was previously owned by Count Sheremetev, housed the city Duma from 1863 to 1891 and then, the Hunting Club. During Soviet times the gas lamps were replaced with electrical ones and the cobblestone with asphalt. In 1930, the Main Building of the Lenin Library was erected (on site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archive building).

Vozdvizhenka runs to the Moscow Kremlin as well. The State Kremlin Palace hosts some of the largest international forums and conferences, film festivals and presentations of prestigious projects, concert performances by worldwide stars, an annual theatrical prom event and the Kremlin Christmas tree event. The Kremlin Ballet is also located there — a theater, created in 1990 as the “Ballet Theater of the Kremlin Palace of Congresses”.

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