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Znamenka tr.

Znamenka Street, which will become a pedestrian zone in 2013, is located between Kolymazhnaya and Vozdvizhenkaya streets and runs from Borovitskaya Ploshad to Arbatskaya Ploshad, uniting the areas surrounding the Kremlin and Arbat.

The history of this street dates back to the XV century, as Znamenka first appeared on one of the roads connecting the Kremlin to Mozhayskaya Road. After the construction of Bely Gorod's foritification in the end of the XVI century, the street has started from the Kremlin Borovitsky Bridge and stretched to Arbat Gate. In addition to court nobility, merchants and craftsmen, Znamenka inhabited streltsy (soldiers) of the Order of the Stirrup (16th-17th centuries) whose homes were located at the beginning of the street. Their inhabitants composed the coming of the Chapel of S. Nicholas.

Several churches were located on Znamenka Street, but not one of them has survived until present day. In the end of the XVII century prominent figures from Peter the Great's time, councilmen Avtamon Ivanov and Nikita Zotov, lived on the street.

If you walk from metro station Borovitskaya, then at the very beginning of your route on the left-hand side you will see the Moscow State Art Gallery of People's Artist of the USSR Alexander Shilov. Its collection includes over 900 artist’s works, who painted in a realistic manner. The gallery is located in a historic building that was built by architect Evgraf Tyurin for his own art gallery in the 1830's.

After the 1917 Revolution the street was renamed Krasnoznamyonnaya, and in 1925 the street became Frunze Street in honor of the late Soviet Military Leader M. V. Frunze who died that year. In 1994, Znamenka returned to its historical name, although one can still see the monument to Frunze in this pedestrian zone. 

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