Bolshaya Dmitrovka Str.
How to reach the object: M: Teatralnaya, Tscheckovskaya
The new pedestrian zone, whose creation started in 2013, were transform part of Bolshaya Dmitrovka street (from Tversky Proezd to Okhotny Ryad Street) into a pedestrian "theater district".
It will be easy to get right away to the new pedestrian zone by exiting metro station "Teatralnaya", or walking a short distance from stations "Chekhovskaya", "Pushkinskaya" or "Tverskaya". This pedestrian zone is home to a number of theaters, which is no surprise why the area is to be called a "theater district". On Bolshaya Dmitrovka Street the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Moscow Music Theatre can be found, and the famous Bolshoi and Maly Theaters await you at Teatralnaya Square.
Bolshaya Dmitrovka is a very old street in Moscow, which arose on site of a trade and handicraft settlement. The settlement had been formed by the XIV century on either sides of the road from Moscow to Dmitrov — this is where the street gets its name “Dmitrovka”. In the XVI and XVII centuries, the settlement's ordinary residents were relocated along the same road but further away from the Kremlin, in order to make room for Moscow's elite. In contrast to the old settlement (Bolshaya — Big), the new one became known as the Malaya (Small) Dmitrovksaya Settlement. From the end of the XVI century the wall of Bely Gorod with Dmitrovskaya Tower served as the border between the two settlements, separating Bolshaya Dmitrovka and Malaya Dmitrovka streets. By the middle of the XVIII century the settlement had already transformed into streets that were called, as they are today, Bolshaya Dmitrovka, Malaya Dmitrovka and Novoslobodskaya Street.
Now in this pedestrian zone one can see excellent examples of architecture — tenement buildings, and the Noble Assembly (in Soviet times known as the House of Unions) — in the classicism style, which were built no later than 1775. Various exhibitions frequently take place on the walls of the “Novy Manezh”, built in the end of the XIX century in the pseudo-Russian style.