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The Church of Archangel Michael: a historical metamorphosis

poselok bol'shoye Kozino

Archaeologists believe that in Balakhna area already in the III–II Millennium BC was inhabited by tribes of Neolithic culture. Traces of Parking of the ancient person, scientists have found in the area of working settlement Big Kozino, which five centuries ago together with the nearby villages was the fiefdom of the Trinity-Sergius monastery.

In kilometer from a Large Kozina is a Holy spring of St. Paphnutius of Balakhna, in the village, numbering about 5 thousand inhabitants, there is a large brick Church in the name of Archangel Michael. Built in the years 1801-1807, it has repeatedly rebuilt, gaining each time a new side-chapels, a refectory and a bell tower. The latter, in particular, in the late nineteenth century was done in pseudo-Russian style. To our days reached a large double-height rectangular volume with Baroque décor, complete with decorative domes, with a large four-column refectory with garden and caves chapels and multi-tiered hipped bell tower. In the beginning of 1932 the USSR Central Executive Committee decided to convert the settlement Big Kozino in a working village in the line of the neighbouring settlements Kostenevo and Lyakhov. The population of this conglomerate was mainly employed at the enterprises of Nizhny Novgorod and Balakhna district. Work the "Church of opium" was not needed, so in 30 years the Church of St. Michael the Archangel was closed, the altar broken, and the building was adapted for machine-tractor station. In 1992 the temple was returned to believers, there are services, and the joint efforts of parishioners and benefactors he gradually returned to the original form.
Bol'shoye Kozino almost adjacent to Nizhny Novgorod. From all sides to the village are the entrances that branched off from highway Р152 coming from the regional center in Volgograd.

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