Izborsk is one of the oldest Russian cities. In the «Tales of Bygone Years,» Izborsk was first mentioned under the year 862. The first Prince of Izborsk was Truvor, but he reigned for only a short time, as he died in 864. The name of Truvor is also connected with the settlement that existed from the late 7th century to the late 13th century. There is a stone cross near the site, dating to the 14th-16th centuries, which, legend tells, is related to Prince Truvor.
In the times of Princess Olga, Izborsk became a suburb of Pskov and paid tribute to Kiev. The people of Izborsk participated in the military campaigns of Rus to Byzantium, Bulgaria and against the Pechenegs, traded with the Chud lands on the waterway through Gorodishchenskoye and Malskoye lakes.
At the beginning of the 13th century, after the demise of Kievan Rus, Izborsk became a fortress city on the western edge of the land of Novgorod. The western neighbors were hostile and restless. Izborsk was often attacked by the knights of the Livonian Order. In 1232, the town was taken over by a sudden attack, but the people of Pskov soon recovered it. In 1240 Izborsk was again taken over by the enemy, but was liberated in 1242 after the famous Battle on the Ice.
In 1303-1330, a fortress was built on Zheraveva mountain, which is now in the center of the settlement, over the broad Gorodishchenskoye Lake. At first the walls were made of wood, and only one tower, Kukovka (or Lukovka, «the Onion Tower») was made of stone. In the middle of the 14th century, the Pskov governor Sheloga replaced the wooden walls with stone ones, which turned Izborsk into a powerful and well-fortified place. Enemies sieged Izborsk many times in the 14th century, but they failed to conquer the fortress.
Later, the fortress was reinforced, and new structures were added. Five powerful towers were erected. They have survived to the present day. Lukovka Tower has been equipped with an observation deck, and if you climb there, you can admire Gorodishchenskoye Lake with its swans, small villages and vast expanses.
In 1510, Izborsk, together with Pskov, was annexed to Moscow. In 1581, Izborsk failed to resist a siege and was taken over by the troops of Stefan Batory. After the execution of the peace treaty, it was returned to Russia. In 1708, Izborsk was assigned to Ingermanland and, in 1710, to the province of St. Petersburg. From 1719, it became the district town of the Pskov province. The glory of the ancient Izborsk set. In 1777, it was an unimportant town in the Pskov province, not the center of any district.
Now Izborsk is a large rural settlement in the Pechorsky District of Pskov Oblast and a tourist center with a developed infrastructure.
Izborsk fortress is a perfect example of the ancient architectural art of Pskov masters. The ensemble of the fortress includes a number of well-preserved fragments of the walls, towers, and special defensive structures, as well as the 14th-century St. Nicholas Church.
Official site of the Tourist Information Center of Pskov Oblast / tourism.pskov.ru
|Phone number:||8(81148)96-696 (музей-заповедник)|
|Address:||Izborsk, Pechora district, Pskov Oblast|