The Tanais Conservation Area was the first archaeological reserve museum established in Russia. It was named as a tribute to the city of Tanais, which was founded by Greeks in the 3rd century B.C. and became the most northernly post of ancient Greek civilization.
The Conservation Area was opened in 1961 on the site of the ancient settlement and necropolis of Tanais. In 1981, a reserve with a total area of 1,200 hectares were attached to the conservation area. In 1990, it became an independent cultural institution. Since 2009, the Tanais Conservation Area has been included on the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
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