The Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve was founded in 1935. The reserve covers an area of 390,184 hectares and 2,900 hectares offshore. The Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve is located in the northern part of Primorsky Krai and includes the eastern slope of the Sikhote-Alin mountain range from its watershed (maximum altitude in the reserve is 1598 meters above sea level) to the coast (including one kilometer of shoreline), as well as a part of the western slope of the mountain range.
The reserve was originally established to protect sable populations that were on the verge of extinction. V.K. Arsenyev was one of the initiators of the reserve. K.G. Abramov and Y.A. Salmin substantiated the need to create the reserve. In our age when there are fewer and fewer untouched corners of nature on the globe, it is very important that in each geographical area there is a reserved area, a kind of reference standard that allows us to evaluate the impact of human commercial activity on the landscape. This task is imposed on biosphere reserves.
This high status was assigned to the reserve at a UNESCO forum in 1979. The profusion and diversity of reserve ecosystems are driven by the fact that the park includes both slopes of the Sikhote-Alin, which differ in natural conditions and elevation. Availability of direct access to the sea is another important factor.
The reserve includes parts of three landscape areas: Terney (cedar broad-leaved forests), Samargino-Dalnegorsky (in the subzone of broad-leaved and coniferous forests) and Mid-Sikhote-Alin (fir and spruce forests) in a boreal coniferous forest subzone. The flora and fauna in the reserve are strongly influenced by the presence of the Sea of Okhotsk: dark boreal coniferous forests are represented so broadly and fully like in no other reserve of Primorye. At the same time, conditions exist for the development of Manchuria-like ecosystems. A distinctive feature of the flora and fauna in the reserve is the combination of heat-loving and cold-loving natural species.
In 1979 the Sikhote-Alin Reserve was included in the list of biosphere reserves, and in 2001, in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
For its long-term research program and achievements in the conservation of the Amur tiger, the reserve was awarded with a CATS international certificate in 2015, becoming the only reserve in Russia (and the second in the world) to receive such recognition.
|Address:||Primorsky Krai, Terney village, Partisanskaya Street, Building 44|