The Yelabuga Fortress Site Historical and Archeological Complex is a monument of archeology and architecture of federal significance. A lone tower on the steep banks of the Kama is the only surviving pre-Mongol period ground structure of Volga Bulgaria and the oldest architectural monument in Tatarstan. The tower represents the ruins of an Old Bulgarian fortress mosque.
The tower is a hollow stone cylinder with a metal roof in the form of a low dome. It is 7.1 m high with the inner space measuring 5.7 meters in diameter.
Every year, thousands of tourists visit Elabuga Fortress Site and make a wish by touching the stone walls of the ancient tower. In 2007, a recreation area was arranged near the fortress site in honor of the millennial anniversary of Yelabuga town. An old apple orchard still stands here. A monument to the Bulgar Emir Ibrahim bin Muhammat was erected here, and the Millennium Staircase was built, connecting the protected territory of the Yelabuga Fortress Site with the town center. The fortress covers a total area of 4.1 hectares.
The Yelabuga Fortress Site dates back to the 10th-12th centuries BCE, and the local people have long been looking after its legendary tower: in 1844 it collapsed, except for a small northern section with an arched doorway and a window above it. In 1867, on the initiative of Elabuga merchant I.V. Shishkin, the father of the famous painter, the collapsed tower was rebuilt on the old place and given an iron roof.
State Tourism Committee of the Republic of Tatarstan / tourism.tatarstan.ru
|Phone number:||+7 (85557) 7-87-28, +7 (85557) 7-86-00|
|Address:||9 Gassara Street, Yelabuga, the Republic of Tatarstan|