Located some 300 kilometers from Moscow, the Kulikovo Field is a unique collection of memorial, architectural, archaeological, and natural monuments. It is known as the first battlefield in Russian history. In 1380, the territory between the Don Nepryadva and Krasivaya Mecha rivers was a battlefield between Beklyarbek Mamay's Golden Horde and the joint forces of Russian princes under the leadership of the great prince of Moscow, Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy. The Tatar-Mongolian army was defeated at Kulikovo Field. In fact, the Russian victory changed the course of history.
The oldest memorial of the Kulikovo battle is located on Red Hill in the village of Ivanovka. It is also here the Sergius of Radonezh memorial church was built in honor of the spiritual leader of the battle, as well as one of the first Russian military monuments, the column in the honor of the faithful prince Dmitry Donskoy.
In 1996, a museum and memorial complex was established in Monastyrshino village on the burial ground of Russian soldiers who died in the Kulikovo battle. The Alley of Memory and Alley of Unity remind us of this great event, as does the natural historical landmark Zelenaya Dubrava, the location of the Zasadny (ambush) regiment that struck the decisive blow in the course of the battle.
Approaching the Kulikovo field from the northeast, it is impossible to miss the ancient Epifan, formerly a flourishing city and center of a large district. Its history is inseparable from that of the rest of Russia: for more than 100 years, the Streltsy and Cossacks in Epifan deflected the treacherous attacks by the Crimean Khans and protected Tula and Moscow. In modern times, the Museum of Everyday Merchant Life can be found in the Baybakov manor in Epifan. Amateur historians can see an ancient house and trade shop with a basement, as well as participate in interactive programs.
The Kulikovo Field is the only Russian museum devoted to that epochal medieval battle.
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