Тhe largest park in the north Caucasus, Atazhukinsky Garden is the crowning glory of the city of Nalchik. Its shady paths are decorated with 156 species of trees and bushes. Plants brought fr om northern and southern Europe, America, and Asia are set in the territory of more than 200 hectares. There are unique species of Japanese quince, Indian cedar, Japanese prickly oak, London plane, Canadian nickar tree, paulownia (foxglove tree), Manchurian walnut, far-eastern Manchurian honeysuckle, and Amur lilac. There is also a very rare specimen, a relict biloba gingko tree.
Cuttings of apple, pear, peach, cherry, plum, apricot, and sweet chestnut trees were brought here from Crimea and Georgia, along with grapevines. A gardener was invited from the Nikitsky Botanical Garden.
The park was set out in the middle of the 19th century. In 1865, possession over the garden and its surrounding grounds of more than 30 hectares was given to the Kabardinian prince Atazhukin and given its present name, the Atazhukin Garden. However, in the late 19th century, the garden fell into disrepair.
Atazhukin Garden was then redeveloped, having become Nalchik Park thanks to the management of KBAO (engineering bureau Artillery Armament), in particular, to Betal Kalmykov and architect V. Kazin, who designed the park, as well as to hundreds and thousands of citizens who participated in voluntary work on Sundays. By 1923, the plan for the park, including paths and flower-beds, was finished and new trees (pine, fir, maple, birch) were planted. Eventually, the park expanded and overlapped with the forest park and then of Dolinsk (resort part of the city), and became the park the visitors see today. The length of the Main Alley is 1,340 meters, the width is 9 meters.
The Linden Alley starts fifty meters further along, to the left of the Main Alley. Many of the trees you can find here are more than 150 years old, because they were most likely planted in 1851, when the park was laid out. This alley repeats the curves of the slope that goes down to the floodplain of the Nalchik river. Nearby is an obelisk devoted to Soviet solders who fell in battle for Nalchik in 1942-1943.
One of the items of note along Linden Alley is a flower calendar. The sharp zigzag of the alley is followed by original stairs that interchange with flat zones. Going down this stairs, one arrives at a decorative pool located at the entrance to the swimming areas popularly called «lyagushatnik» (paddling pools). This is the place wh ere the first swimming baths were built in 1913, and the current layout of the colonnade is virtually as it was in the past.
At the top of the park there is a zoo, which has expanded significantly in the recent years, and a viewing platform constructed in the beginning of the 1960s as a fortress tower with gun slots and two balconies around it. It offers a picturesque view of Trek and Kurortnoye lakes, health spas, a suburban village, a cable car, and the surrounding mountains, including the highest one, Bolshaya Kizilovka.
Tourist portal of Nalchik / http://www.nalchik.ru/
|Address:||Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Nalchik, Shogentsukova st.|