The Spasskoe-Lutovinovo Turgenev Museum is the only museum in Russia devoted to Turgenev, the great Russian writer. The museum is over one hundred years old.
The destiny of Turgenev's estate after the writer's death was dramatic. The books, portraits, manuscripts, family valuables, and memorial relics were distributed among his heirs. Many things disappeared for good. Turgenev's empty house was destroyed by fire in 1906. Only thanks to the foresight of the new owners, the Galakhovs, the ancient library and memorial items were moved away in good time and mostly preserved. In the years of strife during the Civil War, the estate was abandoned, and the premises decayed and plundered. The pearl of the estate is Turgenev's Park, which was nearly destroyed when many of its trees were felled.
The 100-year anniversary of Turgenev birth, in 1918, was a watershed event. A Turgenev library-museum was opened in the Galakhovs» house, ensuring the future of the estate in Spasskoe-Lutovinovo was ensured. All of Turgenev's remaining memorabilia -- books, furniture, manuscripts — were declared national property, and on October 22, 1922, the Spasskoe-Lutovinovo Turgenev Museum was established.
The following individuals participated in the museum's development at different points of time: A. V. Lunacharsky and V. Ya. Brusov, A. M. Gorky, K. A. Fedin, I. A. Novikov. It is impossible to overestimate the achievements of the first curator of the museum, M. V. Portugalov, a specialist in the study of literature. The park, memorials, and estate were carefully studied. In 1929, a special commission was arranged to find and gather memorabilia that had gone missing and to collect reminiscences from those who had known the writer. In 1924, a well-known guidebook authored by Portugalov was published. Tourists began to regularly visit the reserve.
In 1976, Turgenev's house in Spasskoe-Lutovinovo was restored. Authentic items were returned, and the interiors were renovated. In September 1976, a memorial exhibit was opened for visitors.
The Spasskoe-Lutovinovo Turgenev Museum includes the author's historical estate, which in addition to the house-museum includes the Church of the Savior of the Transfiguration, whose construction in 1809 was funded by Turgenev's grandfather, I. I. Lutovinov. Near the church is an ancient cemetery with the family crypt in the center. A chapel was constructed over the crypt at the beginning of the 19th century.
The estate's ambiance was made complete following the restoration of the courtyard, with its stable, coach-house, tack room, bathhouse, and cellar.
The estate house is surrounded by a magnificent 83-hectare park, its dense linden alleys descending down stairways leading to a pond. About 2,000 trees, some more than 200 years old and including linden, ash, maple, oak, elm, birch, white poplar and other species characteristic of the midland Russia, are preserved in the park. The park in Spasskoe-Lutovinovo has kept the characteristic features of the ancient noble estates and is justifiably considered to be one of the most beautiful estate parks in Russia.
Tourist information center / www.tourism-orel.ru
|Phone number:||8 (48646) 6-72-14|
|Address:||3, Muzeinaya street, Spasskoe-Lutovinovo settlement, Mtsensk district, Orel oblast|