The Vasyugan Swamp is the largest swamp system in the world, covering 53,000 sq km. Every year the swamp grows by an average of 8 sq km. Fr om north to south, the swamp stretches for 320 km; from west to east — 537 km. The swamp formed about 10,000 years ago. The swamp occupies the northern part of the Ob and Irtysh interfluve, mostly within Tomsk Oblast and partially Omsk and Novosibirsk oblasts.
The Vasyugan Swamp is called the second «green lungs» of the planet after the Amazon Basin. It is a monument of nature. In 2007, the swamp was included in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, being one of the major regulators of the Earth's climate, able to counteract the greenhouse effect.
The swamp is the main source of fresh water in the region, with some 800,000 small lakes. The left tributaries of the Ob (Vasyugan, Parabel, Chaya, Shegarka) originate there, as well as the right tributaries of the Irtysh (Om and Tara) and rivers, feeding fishing lakes of the inner basin of Western Siberia.
The Vasyugan Swamp is the largest peat deposit in the world. The explored reserves of this mineral make up more than 1 billion tons.
The nature here has remained completely untouched. 10% of the swamp is included in the Vasyuganskiy Regional Nature Reserve (Bakcharsky District). The swamp is home to large shorebirds (curlews and godwits) and a number of rare species of birds of prey. The Vasyugan Swamp is the last place wh ere the slender-billed curlew, now on the verge of extinction, was last recorded and this is potentially its last habitat. Such rare species like reindeer, white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, golden eagle, gray shrike, and falcon all live in the swamp. Sable, squirrels, grouse and hazel hen, ptarmigan and wood grouse can all be found here. There is quite a high probability of encountering a moose, too. The swamp is rich in blueberries, cranberries, and cloudberries.
Tourism, hiking, skiing, and cycling expeditions are organized by the swamp with the support of the Tomsk branch of the Russian Geographical Society.
The Tourist Portal of Tomsk Oblast / www.travel-tomsk.ru
|Address:||Tomsk Oblast, Kargasokskiy District|