The Ipatyev Monastery of the Holy Trinity is the oldest preserved architectural ensemble of Kostroma and one of the most renowned Russian monasteries, which managed to retain the adjoining cluster of the 18th-19th century buildings. It is located on the right bank of the Kostroma River at the confluence of the Kostroma and Volga rivers. The expressive contours of the monastery with the monumental cathedral at the heart of it add a few significant elements to the silhouette of the western part of the left-bank side of the city.
The earliest historical records mentioning the monastery are dated to 1435, however its origin is sometimes referred to the second part of the XIII century to the reign of Prince Vasily Kvashnya. According to the legend, murza Chet, whose male-line descendants include such noblemen as the Godunovs, was the founder of the monastery.
The first church of the monastery was a wooden church of the Holy Trinity. The monastery’s stone Trinity Cathedral was erected in circa 1558 and included a side altar, dedicated to Philip the Apostle and the Martyr Ipaty. Construction of the second stone Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1564.
Many members of the Godunov family who patronized the monastery were buried in family vaults there. Extensive stone work on the monastery was done in the second half of the 16th century with the financial aid of the Godunov family. The retreat with its walls and towers turned into a real fortress. In 1609 the Ipatyev Monastery was occupied by the supporters of Pseudo-Dimitri II, also known as the «the imposter of Tushino», whose troops had been defeated by the national levy of the northern regions.
March 14, 1613 was a symbolic day for the Russian history. The Assembly of Land came to Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov and his mother nun Marpha who were staying at the Ipatyev Monastery at that time to announce Mikhail Romanov's election to the throne. The delegation was accompanied by a religious procession who carried a the miraculous icon of the Theodore mother of God. Before the image of Kostroma’s shrine Mikhail Fedorovich accepted synodical election. Since then Kostroma has been known as the cradle of the Romanov dynasty and the miraculous icon of the Theodore mother of God has been considered a family shrine of the Russian sovereigns.
In 1642-1645 under the order of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich a few walls were built to adjoin the cloisters on the western side (so-called “new city” with three towers).
The Trinity Cathedral of the monastery was destroyed by the explosion of gunpowder in 1649 (the gunpowder was kept in the basement). The new Trinity Cathedral was founded in 1652. The cathedral was painted by the outstanding icon-painters of Kostroma Guriy Nikitin and Sila Savin. The fresco painting covers vaults, dome drums, chamfers of windows, doors and walls. The beauty, the perfection of composite construction, the harmony of colors and elegance of ornamental decor add the element of festivity and solemnity to the interior of the Cathedral. Under its arches there was kept a locally venerated miracle-working Tikhvin-Hypation icon of the Mother of God.
Up to the 18th century, the retreat’s library kept a unique chronicle (later it was called the Ipatyev chronicle). It was one of the oldest records of the Primary Chronicle.
Since 1744, when Kostroma diocese was formed, the Ipatyev monastery became the residence of Kostroma’s bishops. Meanwhile the Trinity Temple became the Cathedral. The building of a new church in honor of the Nativity of the Blessed Theotokos was completed in 1764.
The new era of the retreat’s history began when the Emperor Nicolay II visited the Ipatyev monastery in 1834. In 1835 it got the status of the first-rate cathedral monastery. The time of great reconstruction began. As it was said in tsar’s order, “it was necessary to recreate the exact look of the ancient monastery”.
In 1919 the Ipatyev monastery was closed and its monks were driven out of their dwelling. The Nativity of the Blessed Theotokos Cathedral was completely destroyed in the thirties of the 20th century. In 1958 the former cathedral became the Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve.
The Ipatyev Monastery was restored by the decision of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church in February 18, 1992. An agreement on joint use of the monastery ensemble by Kostroma diocese and the Museum-Reserve was signed in May 1993. First monks appeared here in 1994. In December 2004 the whole complex of the Ipatyev Monastery was passed to the Kosrtoma's diocese.
Nowadays there is the Trinity Cathedral, the Lazarevskiy Temple (in the basement of the cathedral) and the Temple dedicated to the Holy martyrs Chrysanthus and Daria. The Church Historical and Archaeological Museum is open for the tourists and guests of the monastery and receives many visitors every day.
Sacred objects of the monastery: a wonder-working Tikhvin-Hypation icon of the Mother of God; a fragment of the robe of the Lord; relics of St. Hypatius of Gangra.
|Phone number:||секретарь - 8(4942)37-22-41, паломнический отдел - 8(4942)31-25-89|
|Address:||Prosvescheniya st., 1, Kostroma, Kostroma region|