The Moscow Art Theatre was established KS Stanislavsky and Vl.I. Nemirovich-Danchenko. The opening of the theater took place October 14, 1898.
In 1987 the theater has broken up into two creative collectives: under an art management of Efremova (since 1989 the Moscow Art academic theater of a name of A. P.Chekhov in the Chamberlain lane, д. 3) and under the direction of Tatyana Doroninoj (the Moscow Art academic theater of a name of M.Gorkogo in the Tver parkway, д. 22). MKhAT of Bitter settles down in the historical building of MKhAT constructed in 1973 at the initiative of the Minister of culture of the USSR by Furtsevoj.
Trying to keep and develop traditions, at theater have addressed to plays of those authors which always were considered мхатовскими, and since the first season after division have defined the way as «returning to Stanislavsky», as the statement of the classical theatrical literature. Chekhov, Bitter, Bulgakov, Dostoevsky – in today's interpretation, the Soviet playwrights Alexander Vampilov, Victor Rozov, Alexey Arbuzov, in traditions МХАТа – authors-contemporaries. Best of them: Valentine Rasputin, Yury Poljakov, Vladimir Maljagin.
In repertoire of MKhAT of M.Gorkogo there are the plays put many years ago: on Chekhov — «the Cherry garden» and «Three sisters», on Meterlinku — "Bluebird of happiness". Throughout last years the invariable success in the spectator is caused by performances: «Secret of a door of hotel Rigan», «Its friends», «the Hidden friend», «the Old actress for a role of the wife of Dostoevsky», "Breakage", "White Guard", «In hundred steps from a holiday», «Dear Pamella».
At theater the strong troupe was generated: Doronin, Gorobets, Klementyev, Gabrieljan, Kosenkov, Aristarch Lebanons, Rovinsky, etc.