This is one of the oldest wildlife reserves in Russia. It was established in March 1936 for preserving and studying the pine and broad-leaf forests in the Murom region. The territory of the reserve covers a large wooded area that extends from Nizhegorodskaya Oblast.
The total surface area of the Smidovich Nature Reserve is 32,142 hectares, of which 60% is covered by pine forest. Huge pine trees over 40 meters tall can be found here. The stump of one of these giants has 372 tree rings.
Many rare plant species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation grow in the Mordovian State natural reserve, including orchids (Lady's slipper and neottianthe cucullata), lichens (lobaria pulmonaria and menegazzia terebrata), and hen-of-the-wood mushrooms. Several species of rare birds also nest here: the black stork, the white-tailed eagle, and the greater spotted eagle. The Russian desman, a semi-aquatic mammal endemic to the territory of the former USSR, can be found near bodies of water.
Visits to the reserve are strictly regulated. The reserve offers tour programs to visiting tourists. Marked hiking trails («Get to know the reserve», «Observing animals») are available, as is a nature museum. The Pavlovskiy and Inorskiy lodges are available for tourists.
Tourism Information Portal of the Republic of Mordovia / turizmrm.ru
|Phone number:||+7 (83445) 2-96-77|
|Address:||The Republic of Mordovia, Temnikovskiy District|