The Taltsy Architectural and Ethnographic Open-air Museum is a unique collection of monuments of history, architecture, and ethnography. The museum welcomed its first visitors in 1980. In 1995, it was assigned federal status as a historical and cultural heritage site. The museum is situated on the 47th kilometer of the Baikal highway, on the picturesque right bank of the Angara river in the Taltsin nature area.
The museum has retrospectively recreated four historic and cultural zones: the Russian, Buryat, Evenki, and Tofalar. Buryats, Evenkis, and Tofalars are the indigenous populations of the Baikal area. Their way of life, unique practices, and beliefs are told by the Evenki and Tofalar camping grounds, the complex of Evenki burial grounds, and the Buryat summer nomad camp.
The motion to create such a museum followed the construction of a hydroelectric power station on the Angara river and the consequent flooding of the Angara and Ilim rivers. Three-hundred-year-old villages that stood on the banks of these rivers were about to be submerged. So in 1966 a decision was taken to organize a museum of wooden architecture. It was crucial to save the ancient monuments of Siberian religious and utilitarian wooden architecture, such as the Spasskaya Gate Tower and the Kazanskaya Gate Chapel of the Ilimskiy prison.
The Taltsy Museum traditionally holds folk festivities in observance of Easter, the Maslenitsa festival, the Savior of the Apple Feast day, and Trinity Sunday. The museum serves as a gathering place for masters of weaving, wickerwork, birchbark crafts, and pottery. Several of the museum's peasant houses serve as workshops where masters share the secrets of their craft and demonstrate their creations.
Irkutskaya Oblast Tourism Agency / irkobl.ru
|Address:||Irkutskaya Oblast, Irkutsk, Gryaznova Street, 22|