Shira district includes not only salty and freshwater lakes, but also thousands of archaeological monuments. The most important were combined to the so called Archaeological microdistrict located in the White Iyus river upper reaches. In 1970 near the Malaya Syya village scientists discovered a Paleolithic site which was the most ancient settlement on the Sayano-Altay territory. During the excavations archaeologists had found a lot of mammoths’ tusks, bones of fossil animals, remnants of houses and household stuff, treated bones and even stone panpipe.
On the territory there are another two places where the traces of the ancient people presence were found — it is the Proskuryakov grotto and Archaeological cave.
Proskuryakov grotto was firstly described by Pavel Stepanovich Proskuryakov at the end of the XIX century. Remnants of the pottery, treated bones are the evidences of an ancient people’s habitation. In this grotto also there are petroglyphs with face images.
In the Archaeological cave people also found the remnants of the ancient people encampment, for instance in the middle of the cave there were 4 fireplaces, bones and arrowheads.
Territory near the Malaya Syya village is the unique evidence that people lived in West Siberia territory more than 30 000 years ago. 39 unexplored caves are located on the territory more than 130 square kilometers and attract speleotourists.
|Phone number:||ТИЦ Республики Хакасия 8(3902) 32-32-50|
|Address:||Россия, Республика Хакасия, Ширинский район, село Малая Сыя|