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The Republic of Khakassia , Abaza

Maloarbatskaya painting

Maloarbatskaya painting is located 6,4 km far from the Malye Arbaty village (Tashtyp district) on the right bank of the Malye Arbaty river on the rock called Pisanets. In fact this rock has several Khakass names: Pizelig Khaya (it means Rock with images), Pechig Khaya (Hand-painted rock) or Chigirat Khaya (Skewbald horse-rock). Length of the rock with images is about 25 meters. Rock outcrops with images faces the south. All images were covered with paint. First this petroglyphs were discovered by geographer I.P. Kornilov in the middle of XIX century. Later rock was explored by A.V.Andrianov, N.V.Leontyev, L.R.Kyzlasov, Y.N.Yesin.

Maloarbatskiye paintings according to its theme, style, colors, safety can be divided into two groups: about 25 anthropomorphic faces, more then 60 images of animals and different signs — tamga. Images of the first group originally were painted mostly by crimson color (color is watery, often covered by calcite deposits). Specialists date this images the first part of III — the beginning of III thousands BC.  Some of them are closed to the Okunev culture images in the Minusinsk hollow however the main part belongs to the Dzhoy style spreading in the mountain-taiga area on the hollow’s south part. The second group was drawn by crimson, brown, orange and pink colors of different gradation: its colors are more bright and fresh. According to the similar images on the shaman tambourine and Khakassian household items petroglyphs probably were drawn in XVII — XIX centuries.

Maloarbatskaya paintings are mentioned in some Khakassian legends. For instance, the legend which was written in 1961 in the Chistobai (Chistygbai) village relates the last part of images to the stealing of the Yenisei Kirghiz by dzungar in 1703: “Sayan khan stealing Khakassian people beyond the Sayan mountain ordered to inscribe their patrimonial tamga on this rock”. At the end of XIX century D.A. Klements and A.V.Andrianov written stories about regular renovation of images by Khakassians and appearance of new images on the rock. Even in 1961 scientists fixed gifts (for instance food) which were an evidence of the  permanent respect among the local population. It is likely that appearance of images connected with the location of the rock near the beginning of the ancient horseway, which was gone from the Minusinsk basin to the north-west Tuva part and people’s aspiration gather support of the spiritual powers on this difficult part of the journey.

In 2010 the open-air museum was opened there.

Site on the map

Phone number: ТИЦ Республики Хакасия 8(3902) 32-32-50
Address: Россия, Республика Хакасия, Абаза


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