Of the historical monuments of Novokuznetsk, the Kuznetsky fortress has always attracted the most attention of the city's residents and visitors. Today, the fortress territory is home to a museum of the same name. The Kuznetsky Fortress represents only a part of the actual fortress, namely the Voznesensky fortification, which extends for about a kilometer along the Voznesensky mountain, part of the Stanovaya Griva ridge overlooking the Kuznetsky district of Novokuznetsk.
Construction of the Kuznetsky fortress began in 1800, by decree of Emperor Paul I, and was completed during the reign of Alexander I in 1820. The fortress was to form a new system for protecting south Siberia in case relations were to deteriorate with the Qing Empire. The fortress was armed with the most powerful and modern artillery. In 1846, the Kuznetsky fortress was discharged from the books of the Ministry of Defense, and a prison for criminal offenders was organized on the premises. The prison continued to function until 1919, when all prison facilities were burned down during the Civil war.
In 1991, a museum was established here for research, preservation, and public awareness of the history, culture, and fortification of the Kuznetsky fortress.
In 1998, a large-scale reconstruction project was conducted in the fortress.
The museum occupies a territory of approximately 21 hectares. This territory includes not only the fortress itself but many other historic and natural monuments, including a waterfall in the narrow canyon next to the Verkhotomsky redoubt in the fortress. The museum includes over a dozen military fortification and architectural pieces of various degrees of preservation.
The exhibitions present the military history of the region, materials from the archaeological excavation of the Kuznetsky dungeon, the history of the prison, and the history of the fortified lines that existed in the fortress.
The museum includes another historical and architectural monument that is situated on Vodopadnaya Street, 19. It is a 19th-century two-story building, known to local history experts as the house of merchant Fonarev. Exhibits about the 18th-century Kuznetsky dungeon, the history of urban development in the 18th-19th centuries, and everyday life of city dwellers and peasants of the 19th century are displayed here.
|Phone number:||8 (3843) 36-01-00, 36-00-92|
|Address:||Kemerovskaya Oblast, Novokuznetsk, Vodopadnaya Street, 19/1|