Equidistant fr om the four oceans, Belukha is the center of the giant continent of Eurasia. It has two peaks in the form of irregular pyramids — Vostochnaya (East) (4,506 meters) and Zapadnaya (West) (4,435 meters), between which there is a decrease — Sedlo Belukhi (Belukha's Saddle) at 4,000 meters high. The Katun River originates from the slopes of the mountain.
You can reach the foothills of Belukha through the Karatyurek Pass or the Kuzuyak Pass. The area wh ere Belukha is located is part of a zone of high seismicity Micro-earthquakes are frequent, resulting in cracks in Belukha's ice cover, landslides, and avalanches. The climate near Belukha is harsh. Negative temperatures persist in the foothills until March. Minus 20 degrees in the summer is a regular temperature for Belukha's summit. The best time to climb Belukha is at the end of July — August.
The Altai people believe that Belukha is a sacred mountain; they call it «Uch Sumer» — Three-Headed, or «Kadyn-Bazhy» — the Top of the Katun. High snowy mountains are the subject of sacred veneration among the Altai; no one should dare climb to the top if they have a fear of dying.
In January 2000, Belukha and the adjacent territories — Lake Akkemskoye, Lake Kucherlinskoye — received the status of the Katun Biosphere Reserve.
The famous Altai artist Grigory Choros-Gurkin wrote,
«Mighty, rocky, colorful ridges of huge mountains stretch out ahead. Pushing back against one another, they spread out into the endless expanse and distance, lost in the blue air of dust. The steep slopes are covered with deep cuts of gorges. Gloomy cliffs everywhere, ready to collapse over dark gaping abysses, with gigantic ridges, rising to clouds beyond their ledges. Farther and higher, beyond the blue sky, in a clear blue, are the kings of the mountains, standing like a host of fabulous heroes: they spread out their tent-shaped outlines and proudly raise their snowy peaks, shining above. Glaciers shine on their huge helmets, like precious stones, rubies, emeralds. They are bordered with a pattern of bizarre rocks and thick layers of snow.»