Chersonesus is one of the greatest archaeological monuments of Russia's south. Its size, level of preservation, and location attract scientists and travelers, local historians and antiquarians.
The history of Chersonesus is closely related to the great civilizations of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Founded by Greeks in the 5th century BC, the city had periods of independence interspersed with Roman and Byzantine rule. Its history is closely linked with fates of the Tauri and Scythians, Goths and Alans, Khazars and the Rusich, the Genoese and the Golden Horde.
Medieval Chersonesus (Kherson) played an important role in the spread of Christianity in the ancient Russian state. According to the chronicles, this is the place where prince Vladimir (the Great) was baptized. For almost two thousand years Chersonesus played an important role as a transit point and cultural and political center in the northern Black Sea region. However, after devastating raids by nomads in the 13th-14th centuries, the city sank into degradation, only to be reborn as an archaeological monument.
Excavations in Chersonesus has been conducted for more than 185 years. Like in the 19th century, the Russian Pompeii keeps exciting scientists and travelers, artists and antiquarians. Visitors to the reserve can walk through the ancient streets, feast their eyes on the city walls and city blocks, churches and public buildings, sit in the ancient theater, and see the museum expositions.
Today the Tauric Chersonesus National Reserve is a large museum and research institution. It consists of an ancient settlement, unique agricultural plots (so-called Choras) as well as the medieval fortresses of Cembalo and Calamita.
In 2013, the monument was internationally recognized: the Ancient city of Chersonesus and its Chora was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
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