The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve, the largest reserve in Eurasia, is located in the Dixonovsky Administrative District of Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous Okrug.
Most of the reserve is located within the Arctic tundra zone, with its northernmost parts in the Arctic desert zone. The Arctic desert has almost no vegetation: only a tiny fraction of the surface is covered with lichens and mosses, and there are no trees or shrubs at all.
The severity of the climate of the Arctic means that the fauna of the peninsula is not very rich either. Waterfowl are one of the main objects of conservation at the reserve. The Great Arctic State Nature Reserve is also home to 18 kinds of mammals, 14 of which are marine animals, 124 species of birds, including 55 species which nest in the reserve, and 29 species of fish. The animals that inhabit the reserve and surrounding areas include the lemming, Arctic fox, wild reindeer, wolverine, ermine, walrus, seal, beluga whale, musk ox, and of course, polar bear.
The reserve is open to the public, but visitors have to request permission in advance. There are a number of environmental routes developed for tourists, such as the fishing and educational tour «Fishing on the Edge of the Earth» or «Khutuda-Biga, the river of life.» Those fond of birdwatching can visit the Willem Barents Biostation, in the vicinity of Dixon settlement.
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