Avacha Bay is the main transport gate to Kamchatka and the second largest bay in the world: it is second only to Guanabara Bay near Rio de Janeiro. Today, Avacha Bay can accommodate all of the world's ships. The bay's area exceeds 200 square kilometers, and cuts inland 24 kilometers.
Russians discovered Avacha Bay in 1703, several months before the foundation of St. Petersburg. The Governor-General of Eastern Siberia Nikolay Muravyov (later, count Muravyov-Amursky) wrote: «...I have seen many ports in Russia and Europe, but I have never met anything like Avacha Bay.»
The symbols of the bay are the Three Brothers rocks located at the mouth. According to an ancient legend, three handsome young men from a tribe that lived on the shores of Avacha Bay decided to protect their tribe from the strong ocean waves. The brothers stood at the bay entrance and used their bodies to push back a tsunami. The rocks are still there, greeting the ships that enter the bay. Not far from Three Brothers, a small piece of dry land is seen above the surface: Starichkov Island (Island of Old Men) a natural monument.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky occupies almost 20 km of the northern shore of Avacha Bay. To catch a view of the whole bay, with all its creeks and capes that seem to step down to the Pacific Ocean, you need to ascend Mishennaya or Petrovskaya hill. From these vantage points, the bay seems to form a huge bowl. Two capes — Bezymyanny and Mayachny — form the gateway into the bay. During ocean storms, ships from all over the Avacha Gulf use the bay as a refuge.
Several species of sea stars, sea urchins, sea anemones, colonial hydrozoa, sea sponges, sea cucumbers, and 32 species of fish inhabit the bay. Avacha Bay is an excellent site for diving, underwater photography, and spearfishing.
The Official Travel Site of Kamchatka / visitkamchatka.ru
|Address:||Kamchatsky Krai, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky|