The reserve is located in the middle part of Northwest Caucasus in the upper reaches of Belaya, Malaya Laba, Golovinka, Mzymta rivers.
It occupies the mountain ridges of 3 Federal subjects: Krasnodar Krai, Adygeya, and Karachay-Cherkessia. Caucasian Biosphere Reserve is the richest biodiversity treasury, having no equivalents in Russia and an international value as a piece of untouched nature with primeval habitats. Reasonably, this unique area received its biosphere reserve status in 1979 and was included into UNESCO World Heritage List December 1999.
The mountain landscape is rich in numerous lakes, there are more than 120. They are small in area and stay covered in ice till the middle of summer. There are 3000 kinds of flora, more than half of which are vascular plants. Most of the territory is forest vegetation, and only high mountain areas are subalpine and alpine meadows. The Reserve is a natural storage of a large number of plants and animals that have become rare in other parts of the world. 55 species of plants growing in the territory of Caucasian reserve are included in the Red Data Book of Russia. In the Reserve there are 89 mammal species and 248 birds.
Various tourist routes run through the Reserve.