Lake Khanka with the surrounding area, recognized in 1971, the water is pleasing to the wetlands of international importance. And the idea of a reserve appeared in the 20-ies of the last century. And only in 1990 there was established the Khanka nature reserve is the youngest in the Primorsky region.
In April 1996 between the Governments of Russia and China signed an agreement on creation on the basis of the Khanka reserve and Chinese nature reserve Xingkai-Hu» international nature reserve «Lake Khanka».
The reserve is located in Khankaisky, Khorolsky, Chernigovsky, Spassky and Kirovsky districts of Primorsky Krai, in the middle of the Western Coastal plain.
The reserve is divided into 5 separate sections:
«Pine» -375 hectares, including water area of the lake is 140 ha;
«Malanowski» -300 ha;
«River"- 12494 ha;
«Crane"- 9479 ha;
«Devil's swamp» -16641 hectares, including forest-366 hectares.
Khankaisky Zapovednik is located in the zone of the monsoon climate. Here there are large daily and seasonal fluctuations in temperature. Winters are snowy, dry and cool spring, warm and rainy summer. Precipitation is irregular during the year, the total amount is 500-650 mm. the coldest month is January (-20° C), and the warmest — July (+20° C).
The coast of the Khanka lake is covered with thickets of reeds, sedge, forb meadows with alternating groups of trees and shrubs. Vantovye meadows occupy more than 30% of the territory of the reserve and are situated on swampy soils in the middle reaches of the rivers. At the foot of the hills meet xerophytic grass meadows. On the Western shore of the lake on the steep coastal shafts are groups of light oak with meadow grasses. Only on the southern coast of the lake, on the Peninsula Luzanov's hill, there is a single area of a real forest. The reserve's flora includes 620 species of vascular plants, of which 33 species are tree species, 47–shrubs, 4 — to woody vines, 4 –shrubs, 617– to herbaceous plants.
In the Khanka lowland are constantly dwells 29 species; 5 species belong to the periodically setting; 9-10 species — the migratory, seasonal. Raptors are common columns, Fox and raccoon dog; from rodents, muskrat, red and far-Eastern grey voles, field mouse, Chipmunk, Daurian hamster, mouse, tiny, gray rat, house mouse, wood mouse Asian. High-grass meadows are good habitat for ROE deer. In the Northern part of the reserve meets the wolf. Here are ways transitions brown and Himalayan bears.
Khanka nature reserve — a Paradise for water and wading birds. Everything here was 336 species of birds, of which 140 species belong to reliably nesting; 76 species occur in the winter; the rest occurring during seasonal migrations.
The reserve was 6 species of amphibians and 7 species of reptiles, the main of which — the «red book» far Eastern turtle.
In the basin of lake Khanka lives 75 species of fish, of which 20 species belong to fishing: carp, skygazer, Amur catfish, pike, silver carp, grass carp, snakehead, crucian carp, Mongolian krasnoper. Khankaisky Zapovednik plays an invaluable role in breeding and seasonal migration of birds. According to ornithologists, Feb RAS in the spring and fall here we stop for rest and feed 300-350 thousand river ducks, 100-130 thousand 3-5 thousand geese and swans.
|Address:||Primorsky Krai, Khanka district, Spassk-Dalny. Yershov street 10|