The name Kamenny Brod («Stone Ford») appeared in the 13th century, when the Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky, heading to the horde, stopped on the banks of the Ilovlya River to let a khan's squad pass. Having arrived in Saray Berke, he asked the khan to ease the hard work of the Russian prisoners who were making a stone ford in the Ilovlya River.
Officially, the monastery was opened in the early 1860s, when the landowner Peter Persidsky gave his land to the monastery, but the monastic settlement at this place was known since the times of the Mongol invasion. According to the legend, monks came here from an abode ravaged by nomads. Initially, there was the only a male monastic hermitage on the site of the monastery and then a female monastic community emerged. In the early 20th century, a nunnery opened here. The main purpose of the opening of the monastery was to establish a hospital, which was needed by the local population.
The monastery was so vast and rich that it owned a brick factory, a coach workshop, and a gold embroidery workshop. Its territory had beautiful orchards and ponds full of fish. The nine healing holy sources (silver, radon, hydrogen sulfide, sodium, calcium, and potassium) had such a pronounced healing effect that members of the most influential Russian families came here to improve their health, even including members of the royal family. The monastery was visited by Peter the Great. A special road was laid for Empress Elizabeth here, and visitors can still its remains.
The pride of the monastery is the miraculous Icon of the Three Holy Hierarchs, which exudes fragrance. Another remarkable thing about the icon is that it gets gradually clearer over time, and some details that have not been seen before have now emerged.
Kamennobrodsky Monastery is famous for its caves. The caves were dug by monks in the chalk hill back in the 11th-12th centuries. They are arranged in three tiers, of which only one has been explored. Once there were huge halls, underground, shrines with the relics, and even underground churches. Unfortunately, only the cells dug in the walls for the monks have survived to the present day. After the revolution of 1917, the property of the monastery was nationalized. After the 1930s, the monastery was abandoned and left in a poor condition.
The revival of the monastery began in 1991. The surviving six buildings have been restored, and a church functions in one of them. It has a miracle-working icon of Our Lady of Joy of All Who Sorrow.
Wondrous, giant oaks growing nearby are are considered to be natural monuments. Their crowns reach over 20 meters across and their trunks have a diameter of up to 1.6 meters. The oaks are 300 to 400 years old; they were witnesses of Ivan the Terrible's rule and the founding of Tsaritsyno.
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|Address:||Volgograd Oblast, Olkhovsky District|