The Numto Natural Park is in the center of the Western-Siberian plain; the park's total area is 721,797 hectares (~1.8 million acres). The park was created on January 28, 1997 to preserve the unique natural complexes of the Siberian Uvaly, protect the places where the smaller peoples of the North — khanty and forest nenets — live and work. The area is also inhabited by many animals and birds included in the Russian Federation Red Book — osprey, white-tailed eagle, golden eagle, red-footed falcon, gyrfalcon, and others.
Because of its remoteness and difficulty to access, the Numto lake area remained a «blank space» during the development of Siberia. It was explored properly only in the early 20th century. It was first described by A. Dunin-Gorkavitch, who reached the place with reindeer teams in November 1901. He wrote: «Thus, during this journey I was able to explore the Kazym River and the watersheds of 4 other rivers: Kazym and Nadym on one side, Pima and Trom-Yugan on the other, as well as the Samoyed Lake Numto, known as «the lake of God». The lake is located at the following coordinates: 63°30'N 41°30'E. It's oval in shape and has a narrow sandy spit fr om the north-west».
The traveler gives a rather detailed description of some of the area's features: «...to the south from the lake, some 35 kilometers away, there is a watershed of four rivers, from which the Kazym River begins. The watershed area is actually a tundra with huge hills up to 64 meters high with bogs in between. And these very bogs have springs and that is wh ere the rivers Kazym, Nadym, Pim, and Trom-Yugan begin».
The Numto Lake was a kind of a sanctuary for peoples of the Ob North — it was worshiped like a living creature. Even fishing was prohibited here. Some of these religious bans still exist; for example, it is not permitted to chop ice with an axe, fix anchoring poles in the lake bottom or block the connection between the lake and the Ukhlor Gulf with nets. With the coming of the winter, the Khanty and Nenets people come to Holy Island to offer a deer in sacrifice.
The Department of Natural Resources and Non-resource Economy Sector of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Yugra / www.tourism.admhmao.ru/
|Phone number:||8 (34670) 2-14-85|
|Address:||Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Yugra, Beloyarsky District|