The Volga Delta is the largest delta in Europe. Before flowing into the Caspian Sea, the mainstream of the Volga River begins to break up into many large rivers, smaller flows and shallow channels.
The Delta is known for its famous Caspian shallow waters and the Major Bank, the main shipping and fish migration thoroughfare, its impassable thickets of reeds, jungle-like ducts, and its rich fish population.
A large number of fishing stations in the Volga Delta are located in Kamyzyaksky, Krasnoyarsky, Narimanovsky, Privolzhsky, and Volodarsky municipal districts.
The location of the fishing stations makes it possible to visit the shallow waters in Ikryaninsky, Kamyzyaksky, and Limansky municipalities, as well as on five banks of the lower Volga: Igolkinsky, Belinskiy, Novo-Vasilievsky, Malo-Belinskiy, and Karaisky.
The Volga Delta is a must for any genuine fisherman. All the fish species found in Europe live in the depths of the great Russian river: crucian carp, pike, tench, carp, catfish, saber fish, perch, chub, roach, and many others. The Volga-Caspian region is one of the world's major destinations in terms of its diversity and abundance of fish. The diversity of sturgeon is of particular importance. It is home to the common sturgeon, beluga, stellate sturgeon, and sterlet.
The seasonal migration routes of millions of birds pass through the delta: 280 bird species live here, including 30 endangered species (such as the white-tailed eagle, white crane, and the Dalmatian pelican). The richness of the ornithological fauna is determined by the environmental conditions of the region. Swans, geese, and river ducks live in the part of the delta that is closer to the sea.
In 1975, the Ramsar Convention classified the Volga Delta wetlands as waterfowl habitat of international importance.
The area is home to some 50 species of mammals. The forests of the delta are populated with hares, raccoon dogs, foxes, wolves, jackals, and weasels.
The flora of Astrakhan Oblast is striking in its originality. Few regions can boast such a unique natural phenomenon like a river delta with relic lotus flowers. The lotus has became a symbol of the region. The largest wild lotus fields on the planet are found here, on the Caspian coast. You can come here with your whole family and recharge your batteries in a quite extraordinary way, admire the beauty of the lotus, and feel its unique aroma.
The unique world of the Volga Delta is protected as a Biosphere Reserve, established in 1919.