Chuvashia stores and revives the ancient traditions of its people Its museums hold cultural and historical artefacts; the art museum is proud of its collection of masterpieces by Russian Peredvizhniki (known as the Wanderers or Itinerants in English), the Vasily Chapayev Museum is dedicated to the revolution and civil wars, while Chuvash villages display traditional arts and crafts.
The historical memory of the Chuvash people is collected in the republic's museums. The Chuvash National Museum holds one of the largest collections of items of historical, material and spiritual culture of the Chuvash and other peoples who settled in the republic. Stored and collected items include materials from the Stone Age right up to today.
The Chuvash State Art Museum collection contains unique icons, Russian and foreign art of the 18th-20th centuries, Chuvash artists of the 20th century and decorative and applied arts from Russia and Chuvashia. The most valuable collection consists of works of art by great Russian painters: Ivan Aivazovsky, Isaac Levitan, Arkhip Kuindzhi, Valentin Serov, Nicolai Fechin, Ilya Repin, Ivan Kramskoi, Vasily Surikov, etc.
Of particular importance is the Memorial Complex of the Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR A.G. Nikolaev – a unique cultural and education center for the moral education of young people, and one of the most popular tourist sites in Chuvashia.
The Chapayev Museum is the most visited museum in Cheboksary. The museum is a unique monument of civil architecture of the second half of the 20th century. It is devoted to the most tragic and contradictory pages in Russia's history – revolution and war.
The Chuvash Museum of Embroidery contains exponents showing historical traditional embroidery from before the 19th century and its professional development in the 20th and 21st centuries.
The Yasna Ethno-Environmental Complex is an ethnic center for Russian foreign tourists that includes a magical meadow of ancient Chuvashia, the Zdravushka Health Center, which uses the methods of ancestors, a healing center and an educational center for adults and children.
One of the most important cultural events in Chuvashia is the International M.D. Mikhailov Opera Festival, which has been held every year in November since 1991. The International Ballet Festival has also become popular and famous. The annual Cheboksary International Film Festival is very popular with the Republic's residents and guests. The celebration of film lasts several days bringing together talented cinematographers and fans of Russian films not only from Russia but also from other countries.
The traditions of the Chuvash people accumulated over centuries have not only not been forgotten but have been revived. Every town, every Chuvash village has kept its own traditions and arts and crafts. Weaving is popular in Tsivilsky, Batyrevsky and Morgaushsky districts; bark and willow weaving in Poretsky, Mariinsko-Posadsky, Kozlovsky and Cheboksarky districts; and beadweaving in Komsomolsky district and in the towns of Novocheboksarsk and Cheboksary.
According to the 2010 Russian population census, the Chuvash Republic is home to 128 nationalities and 8 ethnic groups. The Republic is clear proof that cooperation and peaceful coexistence of people of different nationalities and religions is not only possible but is a worthy basis for the well-being of the region.