Kaluga Oblast is a typical area of central Russia that is most famous for its Space Museum named after the famous cosmonaut Konstantin Tsiolkovsky who lived and worked here. The region's popular tourist attractions include the Nikola-Lenivets Art Park and Ethnomir, the largest ethnographic park in Russia, situated near Borovsk. Lovers of poetry are attracted to Tarusa, a town associated with the poet Marina Tsvetaeva.
In the history of Rus and Russia, Kaluga Oblast has witnessed many battles. This is the site of the Great stand on the Ugra River where a monastery now stands and where a diorama museum was created. Every year in Maloyaroslavets a historical reenactment is held of the great battle against Napoleon's forces, a major strategic Russian victory.
Kaluga Oblast is crossed by the Ugra National Park, home to about 300 of the region's historical and cultural sites: archaeological monuments, churches and monasteries, noble estates, ancient roads and the sites of famous battles. The region has developed road, water, hiking and combined routes for tourists.
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the founder of cosmonautics, lived in Borovsk and later in Kaluga. The Tsiolkovsky Museum has been furnished with the items that surrounded the scientist during his life. The State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics, the first space museum in the world and the largest in Russia, was named in honor of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.
Kaluga Oblast is home to the Optina Pustyn Monastery, which was visited by Nikolai Gogol, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy and other 19th century thinkers looking for spiritual help. Every year, hundreds of pilgrims visit the Paphnutius of Borovsk Monastery and Tikhonova Pustyn.
In the village of Khludnevo in Duminichsky District, traditional pottery – earthenware dishes and clay toys – have been made for more than 200 years that are famous all over Russia. Every year, the region hosts a festival of toys.
The city of Obninsk on the Protva River is a major scientific centre and home to the world's first nuclear power plant. Since 2015, tours have been organized of the Obninsk nuclear power plant.
The unique Ethnomir cultural and educational center, Vorobyi, the first private bird park in Russia, and the European standard Kvan ski centre can all be found in this region. The small village of Nikola-Lenivets is famous for its Archstoyanie Land Art Festival; and the Nikola-Lenivets Art Park now operates all year round.
Every year, in early October, the Tsvetaeva Festival is held in the town of Tarusa, which attracts fans of the poet, visitors from many different places and of many different ages.