Yaroslavl Oblast is a region in Central Russia rich in historical sites. Yaroslavl is one of the ten oldest cities in Russia: it is more than 1,000 years old. The city's historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visitors come to Yaroslavl Oblast to admire the magnificent churches of Ancient Rus, listen to the sound of the ancient bells of Rostov, buy ornaments and jewelery made using ancient methods—enamelling on metal, and take a photo of themselves against the background of the Yaroslav the Wise statue depicted on the thousand-ruble note.
Yaroslavl, the oldest Russian city on the Volga and one of Russia's oldest cities, was founded by Yaroslav the Wise in the 11th century. Today, this is real open-air museum of Russian architecture. The city's historical center is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Visit the grand Transfiguration of Our Savior Monastery Museum-Reserve to experience old national character, or the ancient cathedrals and churches to see high-religious art; make sure you follow all the simple rules for visiting churches: a headscarf and skirt for women and long trousers for men.
Pereslavl-Zalessky is only about 140 kilometers from the capital of Russia. The town will soon celebrate its 900th birthday, so it is unsurprising that its streets are full of ancient architectural sites. It has its own Kremlin, its own Red Square, museums of irons and teapots, as well as the Museum of Cunning and Ingenuity. This contains unusual devices and utensils from the past.
Rostov is beautifully rich in Christian Orthodox architecture. The majestic Lake Nero sits below the ancient Rostov Kremlin. Its banks stretch for 48 km. It is 500,000 years old. Thousands of gulls nest on its islands, while, from the Kremlin's bell tower and observation tower, you can see a spellbinding view of the churches and monasteries along its banks.
The Rostov Kremlin is filled with museums and wonders, and you can spend several days inside it without leaving. You won't need to leave as there is a mini-hotel inside the Kremlin in an 18th century historic building with high ceilings. If you stay here, you can walk around the Kremlin at any time of day or night, in peace, when everything has long been closed for other tourists.
The Museum of Ancient Russian Art contains many ancient icons. The Rostov Finift (Enamel) Museum contains ancient items made using a hot multicolored enamel technique. You can buy a black glossy ceramic vase from the Kremlin's souvenir store. Such dishes—black with a special matte bluish color—have long been made in the area of Rostov Veliky. The main color is obtained by boiling the item in smoke, after its first firing, in a tub with smoldering sawdust, and then polished until shiny.
The Museum of Rostov Merchants is in the center of the town; it has a unique exhibition of dishes, kitchen utensils, old clothing, and other everyday items from local merchants—the social group involved in trade.
Uglich is town with cozy and well-kept narrow streets, with mottled and ornamental wooden window decorations on 19th century houses. When you arrive here you find yourself in a genuine historical scene. Uglich has its own Kremlin and picturesque lively banks of the Volga. Children and adults will find things to do on the embankment: go skating or eat Russian dishes with an excellent glass of mead—an old national drink.