Kyz-Kermen and Tepe-Kermen
To the south-west of Chufut-Kale, where Mount Beshik-Tau (Mount-Cradle) towers, on a rocky cape there are the ruins of the “cave town” Kyz-Kermen (“Maiden’s Fortress”); to the east of it, on a small conical mountain, there are the remains of a feudal castle Tepe-Kermen (“Fortress on the top”) relating to the early Middle Ages.
There are no cave structures on Kyz-Kermen, except for the cellars carved into the rock, over which homes were. But on Tepe-Kermen, despite its small size, there are up to three hundred artificial caves located in several tiers.
On Tepe-Kermen there is a cave church of VIII-IX centuries with carved crosses, remnants of Greek inscriptions and tombs. Both the fortified town and the castle dominated Kachin valley, from where a road led to them.
Literature: Ye.M. Yakusheva, A.M. Nizhura. “Cave towns of the Crimea”. Guide. – Simferopol: Tavriya, 1972.
P. YE. Garmash. Guide to the Crimea. – Simferopol, 1996.