Arshan means «healing water» in the Buryat language. This word comes fr om the Sanskrit «rashiani» (nectar), the drink of the gods. This is how they would call a mineral water spring or therapeutic hot spring. In the past, Buddhists would attribute properties of arshan to some insipid springs, and therefore all springs with cold fresh and clean water came to be called arshans, gaining a curative value.
The settlement is situated in the foothills of the Eastern Sayan Mountains, where the Kyngyrga river flows down fr om the mountains. Kyngyrga is translated as «drum» from the Buryat language. This mountain river runs in a narrow, winding gorge with beautiful waterfalls.
In 1920, Arshan became a recognized national resort, and in 1928, the construction of health resorts was launched. For more than 80 years, Arshan has been known as one of the most popular places for therapeutics and recreation in Buryatia. The resort is located at an altitude of 893 meters above sea level in a picturesque mixed forest. The air is filled with mountain freshness and the secnt of pine needles.
Summer is not very hot here, with clear skies and little rain. July is the warmest month (average temperature is +16 C), while autumn has fair, sunny, and still weather. The resort is famous for its abundance of sunny days. In summer, the banks of the Kyngyrga turn into beaches wh ere vacationers sunbathe.
The water is rich in micronutrients. It is used for drinking and bathing. The mineral water flows from a well that is then pumped into a bathhouse. Some of the springs are preserved in their natural form. Among the preserved springs is the Eye Spring, which happens to be high in iron. A sacred grove has been formed around it, wh ere the locals have tied a lot of ribbons to birches as a sign of gratitude for healing.
Arshan water is used for treating diseases of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract, as well as metabolic diseases and functional disorders of the nervous system. The treatment gives a high therapeutic effect. Using fresh water is most efficient.
The Arshan and Sayan sanatoriums, and the Baikalkurort Workers Union Resort, are the largest medical and health institutions.
Near the resort, there are several attractions accessible by hiking trails. Some places can be reached by car. Tourists can take a short horseback ride.
There are two datsans with Lama healers and astrologers in the village.
«Visit Buryatia», Tourist Information Center / www.visitburyatia.ru