The Republic of Dagestan, Khivskiy region
“Aeolian town” is situated on the southern slope of one of the spurs of range Karasirt, separating Inside Mountains Daghestan from foothills in the upper reaches of the river Korchagsu, the right tributary of the river Rubaschay, in Khivskiy region in the neighborhood of the aul Kug. Here on the area of almost 3 kilometers, on a comparatively flat place, covered with thick barely passable bushes and trees, original in their forms buttes in the semblance of towers, posts, different in their forms arches, stone mushrooms of the most fanciful form arise. Besides, there are wide and deep karris, spreading down the slope and a number of caves, cracks, craters and so on. From the main cave many branches go, forming a difficult maze, reaching 100 meters in length. All these fanciful forms of relief are the result of work of wind and water. That’s why the buttes are called Aeolian (by the name of Aeolus – the god of winds in the Ancient Greek mythology). Two buttes formed as posts attract most of attention.
They are situated close to each other and arising from the forest thickets can be seen well from the aul Kug. One of these posts-buttes can be climbed on. Its top is over 10 meters high, flat, 8 meters long and 5 meters wide, covered with bushes of barberry and juniper. The second post is much higher; it reaches 17 meters, with foundation’s width about 12 meters. Its form resembles a cylinder, and walls are shattered with not deep cracks. The most influence on the beginnings and development of cavernous forms of relief was made by underground waters and atmospheric precipitation, which dissolve softer carbonate rocks here and leave hard ones.
Karst topography is created. In whole, range Karasirt and its spurs, including the spur Kugdag, on which “Aeolian town” is situated, are composed with carbonate depositions. From the main cave many branches go, forming a difficult maze, reaching 100 meters in length. In all the galleries streams of water come down from the ceiling along walls, large drops fall. The floor of the cave is not flat; it’s covered with clay and pieces of limestone. In whole in all these caves on the hottest summer days the temperature doesn’t rise above 10-12º C. That’s why local people keep ice, prepared in winter, in the cave for almost all summer.
Ethnographers make excursions and hikes to this inimitable in its beauty corner of our republic in the last years. Undoubtedly, this unique corner of nature of Daghestan should be declared protected.