Ugra National Park
the Kaluga region: Yukhnovsky, Iznoskovsky, Dzerzhinsky, Babyninisky, Peremyshelsky, Kozelsky districts Address of the central office of the park: Kaluga, Prigorodnoye lesnichestvo, 3a Phones: (4842) 725-791, 725-081
Today the conservation system of Russia includes 101 state nature reserve and 41 national park. The network of specially protected natural reservations (SPNR) started to form in the Kaluga region in 60’s of the last century; their total area makes 200,000 hectares. The Ugra National Park is the largest specially protected natural reservation of the region.
The Ugra National Park was created by the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation in 1997. The territory of the park crosses the entire Kaluga region, embracing valleys and areas adjacent to valleys near left tributaries of Oka – Ugra, Zhizdra and Vyssa. The total length of the territory is about 200 km.
Today it is inhabited by over 300 species of vertebrates, of which 20% live on the boundary of their area of distribution. The overlapping of several geographic areas within the park determines the mixed nature of its fauna, including Taiga, Middle European and steppe species, which define a high degree of biological diversity of species.
The territory of the national park is the focus of natural, cultural and historical resources, which secure it a special place not only in the region, but in the entire Central Russia. There are about 200 travel sights in the park. Attractive nature and favourable ecological situation, beneficial geographical location, transport connections and closeness to the Moscow metropolis, qualified jobs – all this creates real prerequisites for the development of regulated recreation and tourism.
Car tourism, thanks to the large network of hard roads, as well as pilgrim tourism, oriented to visiting of famous spiritual centres of the territory, are developing actively in the park. The park offers significant resources in the area of scientific tourism as well: archaeological monuments, manors of the nobility, observation of birds, lakes and bogs, old broad-leaved forests.
There is no doubt that main rivers of the park are the factor of attractiveness and formation of main tourist and tour routes, as well as oriented types of recreations. Strictly speaking, main routes of water tourism and hiking located within the park’s borders partially or fully have been created spontaneously by the time of organisation of the park. The same factors affected the creation of several recreation camps.
There are 10 industry-sponsored recreation camps for 850 guests. 85 places are available all year round. The majority of these camps have been created before the creation of the national park and are located in the valley of Ugra. Another two-three industry-sponsored recreation camps for 120-150 guests may be activated in the protected area of the park. However, the welcoming and accommodation infrastructure in general is not intended for large flows of visitors.