The Town of Borovsk attracts attention by its history, its picturesque surroundings and its fantastic silhouette. It is rich in architectural monuments, and amazingly fits into the surrounding landscape. The Protva River with a steep left bank embraces the upper part of the town with a semi-circle. The second part is located in lowlands on the left bank of the river. An evergreen pine forest is spread out widely to the north of the town. The name of the town is also an evidence of its antiquity.
The first mention of Borovsk is included in the spiritual letter of the Grand Prince Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair of 1358. The town was transferred from hands to hand many times, and a property of appanage princes, was announced a Grand Ducal town. Borovsk and its warriors fought off enemy attacks on the southern borers of Muscovy: on the Kulikovo Field in 1380 and in 1480, when Ivan II prepared its major battle against the troops of the Great Horde near Borovsk.
In 1610 Borovsk gets on the way of False Dmitry II and troops of Lew Sapieha, who moved towards Moscow. Thousands of people died in battles, including the Voivode Prince Mikhail Volkonsky. A coat of arms of the town depicting a shield in the form of a dark-red heart with a red cross and a laurel wreath on a silver field was established in 1777 in the honour of courage and bravery of Volkonsky and his troops.
Monastery of St. Paphnutius of Borovsk is of special historical value and a site of the town. Based on strategic considerations the monastery has become one of the main and most heavily protected fortresses in the southwest border of Muscovy since XVI century. Now it has become the most interesting monument of Old Russian defence architecture. According to specialised researchers, Fyodor Kon, famous sovereign master, Trofim Sharutin participated in the building of fortress towers and walls. Constellations of domes of temples and churches, two and three-storey residential and household buildings can be seen behind the castellated dike with six three-layer dome towers. The town was in the centre of Church dissent events in the middle of the XVII century. Protopope Avvakum was twice detained in the Monastery of St. Paphnutius of Borovsk, but his accomplices Boyar Morozova and her sister Princess Urusova were detained in the Borovsk Dungeon on the hillfort.
Borovsk and Borovsk land are related to the names of prominent persons of culture, science, warcraft. They include D.N.Senyavin, Admiral of the Russian Fleet, I.M. Pryanichnikov, painter-itinerant, P.L.Chebyshev, mathematician and designer, F.I.Inozemtsev, doctor, founder of the science school, the first doctor in Russia to conduct a surgery with anaesthesia.
Konstantin Tsiolskovsky started his teaching and scientific activity of the pioneer of cosmonautics. Nikolai Fyodorov, Utopian thinker, who affected the activity of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky a lot, lived and taught here.