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Прогулка по Кремлю

Кремль — сердце Москвы, главная достопримечательность столицы.

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Кремль — сердце Москвы, главная достопримечательность столицы. Прогулка включает осмотр кремлевских стен и башен, соборов и музеев, внутренних улиц и площадей. Обязательные пункты программы — Царь-колокол и Царь-пушка.

Moscow

Alexander garden

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Consists of three parts: The Upper Garden (Verkhny Sad) begins fr om the Revolution Square and ends at the Troitsky Bridge, the Middle Garden (Sredny Sad) begins at the bridge to Borovitskaya Tower of Kremlin and further to Kremlevskaya Naberezhnaya (embankment) wh ere the Lower Garden (Nizhny Sad) is situated. The Garden is full of architectural monuments the main of which is the Kremlin Wall.  It begins with the Angular Arsenal Tower next to which the garden’s cast iron gates are located (architect E. Paskal), then you can see the Middle Arsenal Tower with a grotto ‘Ruins’ underneath, and Troitskaya and Kutafiya Towers united with Troitsky Bridge, and Komendantskaya, Oruzheynaya and Borovitskaya Towers. The monument in honour of 300-year reign of the House of Romanov was erected in the garden in 1914, but the names of revolutionary activists instead of the names of regnant persons were engraved on this monument in 1918. The memorial ‘The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier’, including Eternal Light and the Monument to the Hero Cities, was opened in 1967.

Moscow

Moscow Kremlin

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The State Historical and Cultural Museum “Moscow Kremlin” was founded in 1991 on the basis of the state museums. It is located in the center of Moscow in the territory of Moscow Kremlin — one of the largest architectural ensembles of the world which includes monuments built fr om the end of XV to XX centuries. Historically Moscow Kremlin was a residence of the governors and nowadays there is a Residence of the President of the Russian Federation . It is a unique museum complex including museum-cathedrals (Uspensky, Arkhangelsky and Blagoveshchensky), the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, the Patriarch`s Palace of XVII century with the Church of the Twelve Apostles, ensemble of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower and Kremlin Armory (museum-treasury). Materials on Kremlin archeology are presented in the separate exposition located in the basement of Annunciation Cathedral. Kremlin Museums keep unique works in various genres of art, which illustrate court ceremonial of temporal and religious governors. Buildings, wh ere museums are located, are unique architectural structures of various schools and epoch built by outstanding architects and artists, having kept fantastic interiors of XVI-XVII and middle of XIX centuries.

Троицкая площадь и Арсенал

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Вдоль фасада Арсенала установлены старинные орудия, которые по указу Петра I начали привозить сюда в начале XVIII века. В 1819 году в Арсенал привезли 875 единиц орудий, завоеванных у армии Наполеона. В 1960 году экспозицию старинного оружия пополнили перевезенные сюда от бывшей Оружейной палаты старинные русские пушки, изготовленные знаменитыми русскими мастерами XVI — XVII столетий. В настоящее время в здании Арсенала размещается администрация Комендатуры Кремля и казармы личного состава Президентского полка.

Moscow

State Kremlin Palace

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The Kremlin Palace has been constructed in 1961. Till 1992 carried the name the Kremlin palace of congresses.From the first days of the existence and on the present remains to one of the best theatrically-concert platforms of the world. Today in poster ГКД all genres of theatrics are widely presented. Here the largest international forums and conferences, film festivals and presentations of prestigious projects, concert performances of world stars both the annual dramatized graduation parties and Christmas Kremlin fur-trees on which young participants from all corners of Russia gather are held.

Храм возведен в 1651 году, освящен 1 сентября 1652 года в качестве домового храма боярина И. Д. Милославского. Храм был упразднен в 1806 году, его помещения были приспособлены под нужды коменданта Москвы.

В настоящее время в здании размещаются службы Комендатуры Кремля. В 2000-2004 годах проводились реставрационные работы.

Сенат

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Здание Сената было построено 1776-1787 годах в строгом стиле раннего классицизма. Здание предназначалось для проведения собраний дворянства Московской губернии, но с переводом из Петербурга в Москву двух сенатских департаментов оно было предоставлено Сенату. В советское время в Сенате размещалось Правительство страны. В 1992-1995 годах здание реконструировано под резиденцию Президента РФ. Исторические интерьеры сохранили только круглый и овальный залы. Представительские кабинеты резиденции оформлены в стиле интерьеров ХIХ века.

Moscow

The Tsar Cannon

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One of remarkable monuments of military technology and foundry art XVI—XIX centuries is the Tsar-gun — the biggest on calibre the tool in the world. It is in territory of the Kremlin at a building constructed in 1810 by architect I. V.Egotovym for the Armory Museum. The Tsar-gun it is cast by Andrey Chekhov in 1586 in Moscow, on the Gun court yard on river bank Neglinnoj (modern Theatrical journey).

The Ivan the Great Bell Tower ensemble consists of the St. John Climacus Church and Bell Tower, the Assumption Belfry, and Filaretov's Annex.

The Assumption Belfry contains an exhibition space for the Moscow Kremlin Museum, and the Bell Tower is itself a unique monument shrouded in legend that is its own kind of museum. Multimedia projectors display images of the Kremlin from different epochs and from unrealized projects on the walls. In addition, visitors have access to a roundabout gallery which offers a panoramic of the Kremlin from a bird's-eye view. The exhibition is open only in the summer.

Moscow

The Tsar Bell

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The Tsar Bell in Moscow is one of the attractions of the Moscow Kremlin. It is the largest metal bell in the world.

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В центре Кремля располагается главная и самая древняя площадь Кремля — Соборная. Она сохранила уникальный архитектурно-градостроительный ансамбль средневековья. Основа планировочной структуры площади была заложена в первой половине XIV века, когда по указу великих князей московских Ивана Калиты, а затем Дмитрия Донского на верхнем плато Боровицкого холма были построены первые белокаменные храмы. Они не сохранились, но определили пространственную композицию будущей площади, поскольку в конце XV — начале XVI века, когда Москва стала столицей единого государства, и великий князь московский Иван III строил достойную «государя всея Руси» резиденцию в Кремле, новые храмы были поставлены на местах своих предшественников.

Сегодня в ансамбль Соборной площади входят: Успенский, Архангельский, Благовещенский соборы, Грановитая палата, Золотая Царицына палата и церкви Теремного дворца, церковь Ризположения, Патриаршие палаты с церковью Двенадцати апостолов, ансамбль колокольни «Иван Великий».

Built from 1505 to 1508 on the location of an earlier church originally constructed by Ivan Kalita in 1333. Venetian architect Aloisio the New succeeded at combining ancient Russian style with Renaissance motifs in the architecture. The cathedral houses the tombs of the rulers of Muscovy and their close relatives. At present, the church and the tombs serve as a museum.

Built from 1475 to 1479, it is one of the oldest buildings in Moscow. For hundreds of years it was nation's primary Orthodox church: here Russian monarchs were crowned and the upper clergy were anointed. After the October Revolution, it was turned into a museum. Starting in 1990, services occur in the cathedral on certain days.

It was constructed in 1489 on the foundations of an older, early-14th to 15th century cathedral. Prior to the 18th century, it was a private church to Mosow's Grand Dukes and Tsars, hence the name «at His Majesty's Court.» It once served as the location of the Treasury. Currently the south parapet and the first floor of the cathedral house interesting historical exhibits. Since 1993, services have been held on the Feast of the Annunciation.

Built by craftsmen from Pskov between 1484 and 1485 on the site of an ancient temple. It served as a chapel for the Metropolitans and Patriarchs and was later transferred to the Grand Prince's residence. It has frescoes and icons from the 17th century. Its gallery displays an exhibition of Russian wooden sculptures from the 15th to the 19th centuries.

From 1653 to 1655, Russian craftsmen constructed the Patriarch's Palace for Orthodox Patriarch Nikon. The ground floor is reserved for administrative offices, the second held staterooms, and the third was the Patriarch's personal quarters. The Church of the Twelve Apostles, which is adjacent to the chambers, was combined with them into a single architectural structure, and was the chapel for Russia's Patriarchs. Now the church and chambers contain a museum exhibition.

Большой Кремлевский дворец

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Новый императорский дворец был построен по инициативе Николая I в 1838-1850 годах. Внутренняя планировка дворца, насчитывающая около семисот помещений, включает главный вестибюль с лестницей; пять парадных орденских залов; приемные парадные помещения императрицы; жилые покои императорской семьи и служебные помещения, расположенные на первом этаже. Роскошная отделка интерьеров в духе времени выполнена в разных стилях — от ренессанса до византийско-русского. Дворец по праву называют музеем русского дворцового интерьера. В 1933-1934 годам Александровский и Андреевский залы дворца были перестроены в зал заседаний Верховного совета СССР, на долгие годы утратив великолепие своих интерьеров. В 1994-1998 годах залы по решению Президента РФ были восстановлены. В настоящее время весь комплекс Большого Кремлевского дворца, кроме Оружейной палаты, является главной Резиденцией Президента РФ.

Moscow

The Armoury Chamber

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The Armoury Chamber is located in the building constructed in 1851 by architect Konstantin Ton and is part of the GrandKremlinPalacecomplex.

The treasury museum is home to ancient state regalia, ceremonial tsar’s vestments and coronation dress, vestments of the Russian Orthodox Church’es hierarchs, the largest collection of gold and silverware by Russian craftsmen, West European artistic silver, ceremonial weapons and arms, carriages, horse ceremonial harness.

The museum collection was based on the priceless objects created in the Kremlin workshops, and also those that were received as gifts from embassies of foreign states, kept for centuries in the tsar’s treasury and the Patriarch's sacristy. The museum was named after one of the oldest Kremlin treasury vaults.

The museum displays around 4,000 artefacts of decorative and folk-art from Russiaand countries of Europeand the East from the 4th to the early 20th centuries. Their very high artistic level and particular historical and cultural value has brought the Armoury Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin world fame.

Individual visitors to the treasury museum can make use of personal pocket computers as electronic guides. To find out more about the online version of the electronic guide of the Armoury Chamber visit the website.

Moscow

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Прогулка по Московскому Кремлю завершается на Красной площади, куда можно выйти через ворота Спасской башни.



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